The Lok Sabha Or Vidhan Sabha Stands Dissolved When

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The Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha Stands Dissolved When

A dissolution is a crucial event in the functioning of a democratic society. It marks the end of a legislative body’s term and sets the stage for the election of a new one. In India, the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, and the Vidhan Sabha, the legislative assembly of each state, are subject to dissolution. Understanding the circumstances and implications of a dissolution is essential for comprehending the Indian political system.

The term “dissolution” stems from the Latin word “dissolvere,” meaning “to break up or dissolve.” In the context of a legislative body, dissolution refers to the termination of its existence. Once dissolved, the body loses its powers and ceases to function. The mandate of the elected representatives expires, and they revert to the status of ordinary citizens.

Circumstances Leading to Dissolution

The Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabha can be dissolved under various circumstances.

1. Expiry of Term: The most common reason for dissolution is the expiry of a legislative body’s term. According to the Indian Constitution, the Lok Sabha has a five-year term, while the Vidhan Sabha has a six-year term. Upon the conclusion of these periods, the respective bodies stand dissolved.

2. Vote of No Confidence: A vote of no confidence is a motion passed by the legislative body expressing its lack of confidence in the executive government. If the motion is passed, the government is deemed to have lost its majority support, necessitating the dissolution of the body and fresh elections.

3. Presidential Proclamation: In extraordinary circumstances, the President of India may issue a proclamation dissolving the Lok Sabha. This power is exercised in case of a national emergency, breakdown of constitutional machinery in a state, or failure to form a stable government.

4. Governor’s Recommendation: Similarly, the Governor of a state may recommend the dissolution of the Vidhan Sabha to the President. This recommendation is typically made when the state government loses its majority or is unable to maintain law and order.

Consequences of Dissolution

The dissolution of the Lok Sabha or the Vidhan Sabha triggers a series of consequences:

1. Loss of Legislative Authority: The dissolved body ceases to exercise any legislative authority. Pending bills and resolutions lapse, and new laws cannot be enacted.

2. Cessation of Executive Functions: The government formed by the dissolved body continues to function as a “caretaker government.” However, its powers are limited to maintaining law and order and carrying out essential administrative duties.

3. New Elections: Dissolution triggers the process of fresh elections. The Election Commission of India (ECI) is responsible for conducting these elections and ensuring their free and fair conduct.

4. Formation of New Government: Once the new legislative body is elected, it convenes and elects its presiding officers. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority forms the new government.

Recent Trends and Developments

In recent years, there have been several notable trends and developments related to the dissolution of the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha.

1. Premature Dissolutions: There has been a trend towards premature dissolutions, with governments seeking to dissolve the legislative bodies before the completion of their full terms. This practice has been criticized by some for undermining the stability of the democratic process.

2. Political Impasse: In some instances, political parties have been unable to form stable governments, leading to repeated dissolutions and fresh elections. This situation can create uncertainty and hinder the effective functioning of the legislature and the government.

3. Role of the Judiciary: The judiciary has played an active role in adjudicating disputes related to the dissolution of legislative bodies. The courts have upheld the President’s and Governor’s powers to dissolve the assemblies but have also emphasized the need for reasonable grounds to do so.

Tips and Expert Advice

Based on my experience as a political commentator, here are some tips and advice related to the dissolution of the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha:

1. Understand the Dissolution Process: It is crucial to have a clear understanding of the circumstances, consequences, and legal framework surrounding the dissolution of legislative bodies. This knowledge enables informed decision-making and analysis.

2. Monitor Political Developments: Closely follow political developments and changes in the composition of legislative bodies. This information can help predict the likelihood of dissolution and its potential implications.

3. Seek Expert Commentary: Consult with experts in law, political science, and public administration to gain insights into the legal intricacies and political dynamics related to dissolution.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Who has the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha?

A: The President of India has the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha.

Q: In what circumstances can the Vidhan Sabha be dissolved?

A: The Vidhan Sabha can be dissolved by the Governor of the state based on a recommendation from the Chief Minister or if the assembly is unable to form a stable government.

Q: What is the impact of dissolution on pending legislation?

A: Pending legislation lapses upon the dissolution of the legislative body and must be reintroduced in the new session.

Q: Can a dissolved legislative body be reinstated?

A: Once a legislative body is dissolved, it cannot be reinstated. New elections must be held to form a new body.


The dissolution of the Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha is a significant event in the Indian political system. Understanding the circumstances, consequences, and implications of dissolution is essential for comprehending the democratic process and holding elected representatives accountable. By staying informed about political developments, following expert commentary, and engaging with the topic through discussions, readers can develop a well-rounded understanding of this important aspect of Indian governance.

Are you interested in learning more about the dissolution of legislative bodies in India? What are your thoughts on the recent trends and developments related to this topic? Share your views in the comments section below, and stay tuned for more informative content on the Indian political system.

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